Tasawwuf or Sufism (Islamic mysticism)
The word Sufism has multiple origin (Arabic, Greek), meaning (purity, wisdom). The ultimate understanding that we can get from the term Sufism, tasawwuf or Islamic mysticism is purity of heart and the wisdom to find the path which leads a finite to the Divine. while all Muslims accept that they are on the pathway to God and want to wind up near to God in Paradise, after death and after the “Last Judgment”. Sufis additionally accept that it is conceivable to attract closer to God and to all the more completely grasp the Divine Presence in this life. The actual aim of all Sufis is to please God by attempting to restore inside them the primordial condition of fitra. In this state nothing one does resists God, and all is embraced with the single inspiration of adoration for Allah.
To Sufis, Sufism or Tasawwuf includes the study and custom decontamination of qualities considered inexcusable while including excellent attributes. This is free of whether this methodology of religious purging and sanitizing prompts exclusive information of God. This can be considered as far as two essential sorts of law (fiqh), an external law concerned with activities, and an inward law concerned with one’s own behavior and qualities. The external law comprises of standards relating to love, worships, exchanges, marriage, legal decisions, and criminal law. The internal law of Sufism comprises of guidelines about contrition from sin, the cleansing of terrible qualities and wickedness characteristics of character, and beautification with ideals and great virtues.
Many individuals have made assumptions about tasawwuf. Numerous imagine that it is something past Qur’an and Sunnah. Errant Sufis and also the shallow ulema, albeit on the inverse finishes of the range, are as one in holding this mixed up idea. Hence the first gathering has disregarded the Qur’an and Hadith while the second gathering has avoided tasawwuf. Really, in spite of the fact that the term tasawwuf, in the same way as other different religious terms being used today, advanced later, the control is all that much piece of the Shariah. The bureau of the Shariah identifying with outside deeds like salat and zakat is called fiqh while the one managing the inner sentiments and conditions of the heart is called tasawwuf. Both are told in the Qur’an. Along these lines while directing Salat and Zakat, the Qur’an additionally charges appreciation and adoration for Allah and denounces the shrewd of pride and vanity. Additionally, in the books of hadith, alongside the sections on Ibadat, exchange and trade, marriage and separation, are to be discovered the parts on riya (showoff) takabbur, akhlaq, and so forth. These orders are as much a required prerequisite as the ones managing outer deeds.
On reflection it will be understood that all the outer deeds are intended for the reconstruction of the heart. That is the premise of achievement in the great beyond while its plundering is the reason for aggregate pulverization. This is unequivocally what is referred to in fact as tasawwuf. Its center is tahzeebe akhlaq or the enhancement of character; its intention is the fullfillment of Divine delight; its strategy is complete acquiescence to the orders of the Shariah.
Tasawwuf is the spirit of Islam. Its capacity is to immaculateness the heart from the humble brutish traits of desire, cataclysms of the tongue, outrage, vindictiveness, envy, adoration for the world, affection for popularity, parsimony, voracity, conspicuousness, vanity, trickery, and so on. In the meantime it goes for the enhancement of the heart with the grandiose characteristics of apology, persistence, thankfulness, and alarm of Allah, trust, abstention, tauheed, trust, love, genuineness and truth.
Sufis for the most part have a place with a Khalqa, a circle or gathering drove by a Sheik or Murshid. Sufi circles typically fit in with a Tariqa, truly a way, a sort of heredity, which follows its progression back to outstanding Sufis of the past, and regularly at last to the Prophet Muhammad or one of his nearby partners.
Sufi practices includes
- Visiting Sacred Places(mostly saints tombs)
The aims of Sufism include: the experience of blissful states (hal), sanitization of the heart (qalb), conquering the lower self (nafs), the advancement of extrasensory and healing forces, termination of the individual identity (fana), unifying fellowship with God (haqiqa), and higher information (marifat).
Notable classical Sufis include Jalaluddin Rumi, Fariduddin Attar, Saadi Shirazi and Hafez, all real writers in the Persian dialect. Omar Khayyam, Al-Ghazzali and Ibn Arabi were prestigious scholars. Abdul Qadir Jilani, Moinuddin Chishti, and Bahauddin Naqshband established real orders, as did Rumi. Rabia Basri was the most prominent female Sufi.