Articles Written by: Irum Batool Gillani
M.S Fine Art from Lahore College for Women University.
When India occupied Kashmir back in October, 1947, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, who was Governor General of Pakistan, ordered Gen. Douglas David Gracey to send troops to Kashmir and regain the area. However, Army Chief of Pakistan Army, Gen. Gracey refused to obey Jinnah’s order and advised Jinnah that he should not even think of that because he represents British crown and he could not have conflict of interests with Great Britain. This issue continued till 1949 when UN Security Council passed Resolution 47 on 22 April 1948. As a result, India gained control of about Kashmir valley, Jammu and Ladakh, whereas Pakistan gained Azad Kashmir, and Gilgit–Baltistan. In both Indo-Pak wars of 1947 and 1965, India had an upper hand over Pakistan when ceasefire was announced. Unfortunately, the issue had not been resolved till 2018. Until 2018, somehow Pakistan managed to keep this issue alive, but on 5 August 2019, the India revoked the special status of Kahsmir which was granted under Article 370 of the Indian Constitution to Jammu and Kashmir (Indian administered region). As a result, Pakistan showed just a symbolic retaliation but did nothing on ground. The reason was that Pakistan government was changed forcefully and a new pro-Israel/India government was planted, ergo, Pakistan’s new Government did nothing against India. However, China launched a fight with India over the dispute of Ladakh area which is still in progress.
It can bee seen apparently that Kashmir issue was raised and retained by Britishers just to destabilize Indo-Pak region, and to maintain their control over region in some manner. Main culprit of this all situation was Pakistan Army who refused to obey orders of Jinnah and opened a permanent war front with India. It was decided in UN Security Council Resolution 47 that Kashmiri public has right to their independence, but yet the resolution was in toto overlooked by UK, USA, and India. The superpowers are not interested to resolve this issue till 2018. However, with a political plan backed by superpowers India revoked the special status of Kashmir and Pakistan was not able to initiate any action against Indian aggression. Currently, Pakistan left Kashmiris in the hand of India.