Simple Past Tense– Grammar Rules
The simple past is a verb tense that is utilized to discuss things that happened or existed before now. Envision somebody asks what your sibling Wolfgang did while he was around the local area a weekend ago.
- Wolfgang participated in a hula loop challenge.
- He won the silver award.
The simple past tense demonstrates that you are looking at something that has just happened. Not at all like the past consistent tense, is which utilized to discuss past occasions that occurred over some undefined time frame, has the simple past tense accentuated that the activity is done.
- Wolfgang respected the way the light flickered off his silver award.
You can likewise utilize the straightforward past to discuss a past condition of being, for example, the way somebody felt about something. This is frequently communicated with the basic past tense of the verb to be and a descriptive word, thing, or prepositional expression.
- Wolfgang was glad for his hula circle triumph.
- The challenge was the feature of his week.
Customary verbs frame the basic past end-ed; however there are a couple of hundred unpredictable verbs with various structures. For points of interest see English verbs § Past tense.
Most verbs have a solitary type of the basic past, autonomous of the individual or number of the subject (there is no expansion of – s for the third individual particular as in the straightforward present). Be that as it may, the copula verb be has two past tense structures: was for the first and third people solitary, and were in different examples. The shape were can likewise be utilized as a part of place of was in restrictive statements and so forth; for data on this, see English subjunctive. This is the main case in present day English where a qualification in shape is made between the demonstrative and subjunctive states of mind in the previous tense.
The basic past is utilized for a solitary occasion (or grouping of such occasions) before, and furthermore for past ongoing activity:
- He took the cash and ran.
- I went by them consistently for a year.
It can likewise allude to a past state:
- I knew how to battle even as a youngster.
For activity that was continuous at the time alluded to, the past dynamic is for the most part utilized rather (e.g. I was cooking). The same can apply to states, if transitory (e.g. the ball was lying on the walkway), yet some stative verbs don’t by and large utilize the dynamic angle by any means – see Uses of English verb shapes § Progressive – and in these cases the straightforward past is utilized notwithstanding for a brief state:
- The puppy was in its pet hotel.
- I felt icy
Simple Past tense
Instructions to Formulate the Simple Past Tense
For customary verbs, include – ed to the root type of the verb (or just – d if the root shape as of now closes in an e):
Play→Played Type→Typed Listen→Listened Push→Pushed Love→Loved
For unpredictable verbs, things get more muddled. The basic past tense of some unpredictable verbs looks precisely like the root shape:
Put→Put Cut→Cut Set→Set Cost→Cost Hit→Hit
For other sporadic verbs, including the verb to be, the basic past structures are more unpredictable:
See→Saw Build→Built Go→Went Do→Did Rise→Rose Am/Is/Are→Was/Were
Fortunately verbs in the basic past tense (aside from the verb to be) don’t have to concur in number with their subjects.
- Wolfgang cleaned his decoration. Alternate victors cleaned their awards as well.
Step by step instructions to Make the Simple Past Tense Negative
Luckily, there is an equation for influencing basic past verbs to negative, and it’s the same for both general and unpredictable verbs (aside from the verb to be). The recipe is did not + [root type of verb]. You can likewise utilize the compression didn’t rather than did not.
- Wolfgang did not boast excessively about his hula band abilities. Wolfgang’s better half didn’t see the challenge.
For the verb to be, you needn’t bother with the helper did. At the point when the subject of the sentence is particular, utilize was not or wasn’t. At the point when the subject is plural, utilize were not or weren’t.
The third-put victor was not as glad as Wolfgang. The fourth-put champ wasn’t cheerful in any way. The spectators were not prepared to leave after the challenge finished. The candidates weren’t prepared to leave either.
The most effective method to Ask a Question
The recipe for making an inquiry in the basic past tense is did + [subject] + [root type of verb].
- Did Wolfgang win the gold award or the silver decoration? Where did Wolfgang go to celebrate? Did the judges choose reasonably, as you would see it?
When making an inquiry with the verb to be, you needn’t bother with the helper did. The equation is was/were + [subject].