Simple Present Tense | English Grammar Rules
The basic current state in English is utilized to depict an activity that is general, genuine or typical.
We utilize the Present Tense:
- For rehashed or standard activities in the present day and age.
I take the train to the workplace.
The train to Berlin leaves each hour.
- For realities.
The President of The USA lives in The White House.
A pooch has four legs.
- For propensities.
I rise early consistently.
Song brushes her teeth twice per day.
- For things that are dependably/for the most part obvious.
It rains a great deal in winter.
The Queen of England lives in Buckingham Palace.
Verb Conjugation and Spelling
We shape the current state utilizing the base type of the infinitive.
When all is said in done, in the third person we include ‘S’ in the third person.
Subject Verb The Rest of the sentence
I/you/we/they speak/learn English at home
he/she/it speaks/learns English at home
The spelling for the verb in the third individual contrasts relying upon the closure of that verb:
- For verbs that end in – O, – CH, – SH, – SS, – X, or – Z we include – ES in the third person.
go – goes
get – gets
wash – washes
kiss – kisses
- For verbs that end in a consonant + Y, we evacuate the Y and include – IES.
NOTE: For verbs that end in a vowel + Y, we simply include – S.
play – plays
say – says
Negative Sentences in the Simple Present Tense
To make a negative sentence in English we regularly utilize Don’t or Doesn’t with all verbs EXCEPT To Be and Modal verbs (can, might, ought to and so on.).
Positive: You communicate in French.
Negative: You don’t communicate in French.
You will see that we include don’t between the subject and the verb. We utilize Don’t when the subject is I, you, we or they.
Positive: He communicates in German.
Negative: He doesn’t communicate in German.
Don’t = Do not
Doesn’t = Does not
I don’t care for meat = I don’t care for meat.
Word Order of Negative Sentences
The accompanying is the word request to build a fundamental negative sentence in English in the Present Tense utilizing Don’t or Doesn’t.
Subject don’t/doesn’t Verb* The Rest of the sentence
I/you/we/they don’t have/purchase
he/she/it doesn’t like eggs.
Cases of Negative Sentences with Don’t and Doesn’t:
You don’t communicate in Arabic.
John doesn’t communicate in Italian.
We don’t have time for a rest.
It doesn’t move.
Question in the Simple Present Tense
To make an inquiry in English we ordinarily utilize Do or Does. It has no interpretation in Spanish however it is fundamental to demonstrate we are making an inquiry. It is regularly put toward the start of the inquiry.
Simple: You communicate in English.
Question: Do you communicate in English?
You will see that we include DO toward the start of the confirmed sentence to make it an inquiry. We utilize Do when the subject is I, you, we or they.
At the point when the subject is he, she or it, we add DOES toward the start to make the confirmed sentence an inquiry. Notice that the letter S toward the finish of the verb in the agreed sentence (since it is in third individual) vanishes in the inquiry. We will see the motivation behind why beneath.
Word Order of Questions with Do and Does
The accompanying is the word request to build an essential inquiry in English utilizing Do or Does.
Do/Does Subject Verb* The Rest of the sentence
Do I/you/we/they have/require a new bicycle?
Examples of Questions with Do and Does:
Do you require a word reference?
Does Mary require a lexicon?
Do we have a gathering now?
Does it rain a considerable measure in winter?
Would they like to go to the gathering?
Does he like pizza?
Short Answers with Do and Does
In questions that utilization do/does it is conceivable to give short responses to coordinate inquiries as takes after:
Do you like chocolate? Yes, I do. No, I don’t.
Do I require a pencil? Yes, you do. No, you don’t.
Do you both like chocolate? Yes, we do. No, we don’t.
Do they like chocolate? Yes, they do. No, they don’t.
Does he like chocolate? Yes, he does. No, he doesn’t.
Does she like chocolate? Yes, she does. No, she doesn’t.
Does it have four wheels? Yes, it does. No, it doesn’t.
Be that as it may, if an inquiry word, for example, who, when, where, why, which or how is utilized as a part of the inquiry, you cannot utilize the short answers above to react to the inquiry.